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Differences Between Horizontal Cement Silo and Vertical Cement Silo

Apr. 10, 2024

The three primary types of silos are vertical, horizontal, and portable. There are Bolted & Welded Cement Silos as vertical silos and Horizontal Cement Silos. The option for those silos is portable and standard. You can customize different sizes of all of the parts on all levels if you get an offer.


Cement Storage Silos


Cement storage silos are vital supporting equipment for concrete mixing plants and stabilized soil mixing plants. They come in two main types: horizontal cement silos and vertical cement silos. These silos differ significantly in shape, material, height, and capacity in tons.


Horizontal cement silos are shaped like cuboids and constructed with U-steel for the silo body and square steel for the support legs. Their support legs are notably lower in height compared to vertical silos. On the other hand, vertical cement silos have a conical shape, with higher steel plate usage in both the silo body and round legs.


Both types are extensively used in building construction, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.


vertical cement silos

Vertical cement silos


Vertical cement silos are tower-like structures that store cement, lime, base, and paste mixtures. They are typically found on construction sites and can be circular or orthogonal in shape. Vertical silos can take up more space than horizontal silos and can be customized with features such as:


Butterfly valves for material discharging

Safety valve for silo pressure control

Silo level blade indicator

Blowing plant with a nozzle to facilitate the exit of materials

Customizable diverging funnel flow cone at the bottom to handle any type of load


Vertical silos are built in carbon or stainless steel and can store large quantities of powders, granules/pellets, or liquids. They are used to store materials such as cement, lime, fillers, fly ash, bentonite, and sand.


Horizontal Cement Silo vs. Vertical Cement Silo


Horizontal Cement Silo


Also known as a horizontal cement tank, the horizontal cement silo is welded from container plates, boasting high strength and excellent airtightness. Equipped with a vibration motor for smooth discharging and prevention of cement arching, it features manual butterfly valves at the discharging outlet for easy maintenance and material discharging via screw conveyor. Dust collectors atop the silo roof prevent dust pollution, while an arch-breaking device tackles arches formed by material accumulation. Coordinated use of the horizontal cement silo and screw conveying pump facilitates material transport to designated positions, making it easy to install and an ideal storage solution for mixing stations.


Vertical Cement Silo


Prior to installation, a firm foundation must be prepared for the vertical cement silo. Its lengthy installation period makes it unsuitable for construction sites requiring frequent relocation. Transporting vertical cement silos can be inconvenient, often necessitating the transportation of bulk components to the site for on-site welding and assembly due to road conditions. Furthermore, this type of silo cannot be recycled.


Taller than horizontal cement storage silos, vertical cement silos require wind and lightning protection. Height restrictions may render them unavailable in certain areas. Additionally, when fully loaded, their high center of gravity prohibits the installation of weighing systems, making it challenging to accurately measure cement weight.


Despite their differences, horizontal and vertical cement storage silos share common features. Both can store cement, fly ash, and other powdery materials, equipped with dust collectors and safety valves on the silo roof. Accessories such as safety valves, upper feeding pipes, and level meters serve similar functions. The choice between the two types depends on specific requirements and conditions.




Horizontal and vertical cement silos each have unique characteristics that cater to different construction requirements and site conditions. While horizontal silos offer mobility, larger storage capacities, and easy accessibility, vertical silos excel in space efficiency, gravity-based discharge, and stability. Choosing between horizontal and vertical silos depends on factors such as site layout, storage capacity, mobility requirements, and project duration.


For inquiries about cement silos or to find a reliable supplier for your construction needs, please don't hesitate to contact us. We're here to provide expert guidance and support in selecting the most suitable silo solution for your specific requirements.

vertical cement silos